Hydrocephalus is the buildup of too much cerebrospinal fluid in the brain causing an increase in pressure in the brain. Hydrocephalus can either be congenital—present at birth or acquired. Congenital hydrocephalus may result from genetics or problems with how a fetus develops, and is most often signaled by an unusually large head. Acquired hydrocephalus can occur at any age and may stem from head injuries, strokes, infections, tumors and bleeding in the brain.
Hydrocephalus can permanently damage the brain, causing problems with physical and mental development if untreated.
Treatment will usually involve surgery to insert a shunt, but surgeons at St. Christopher’s Hospital for Children also perform a less invasive procedure to help ensure better outcomes. The procedure, called endoscopic third ventriculostomy, relieves pressure by making an opening in the floor of the third ventricle. This serves to divert fluid out of the blocked ventricular system and into the interpeduncular cistern, the normal space for cerebrospinal fluid.
For More Information
For more information about hydrocephalus treatment, call (215) 427-5196.